Arteries deliver oxygen-rich blood from the heart to every part of the body, and the peripheral arteries carry blood away from the heart to the arms and legs. Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) develops when these arteries begin to build up plaque, obstructing and narrowing the passageway and preventing blood, oxygen, glucose from flowing to the legs. The buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances causes of the pain and discomfort patients experience in their legs as the muscles and tissue starve for blood. Just like how the build up of plaque in the heart causes a heart attack, blocked blood flow in the legs causes a “heart attack” of the tissue and muscle in the legs and can lead to the death of the limb and ultimately the need for amputation.
If lifestyle modifications and medications are not enough to treat PAD, our physicians at Provas Ogden & Provas Of Salt Lake City utilize a combination of Angiogram, Atherectomy, Stenting, and Angioplasty to restore healthy blood flow through the arteries to all parts of your feet and legs. Our physician can also address arterial obstruction that occurs in other arteries such as in the arms or the renal artery that carries blood to the kidneys.
Pain, cramping or discomfort in the legs while walking
Pain in the legs and feet while resting
Sores or infection in the toes or feet that heal slowly or not at all
Color changes on the skin
Common Causes of PAD
Gender – males are at a higher risk than females
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Lack of exercise
Family history of vascular problems
Treatment for Arterial Disease
A foot wound’s failure to close can often be the result of internal problems with the circulation in the arteries or veins. If someone has PAD, wounds around the foot and heel may not heal because the build up of plaque in the arteries blocks blood, glucose, and oxygen from reaching the area that needs healing. The longer a wound remains open, the greater the risk of infection and potential amputation.
Similarly, if someone has chronic venous insufficiency, the swelling and backwards flow of blood downward can cause intense pressure on the skin. This pressure can slowly cause damage to the skin around the ankles and legs, leading to venous leg ulcers.
Resolving the flow of blood through the arteries and veins is critical to helping wound care doctors and podiatrists close wound quickly. Our interventional radiologists help heal wounds by clearing the flow of blood through the arteries and diverting blood flow through healthy veins to help wound care treatment become more effective. It is important to establish as soon as possible weather PAD or venous disease are preventing the healing of a foot or leg ulcer.
Your treatment will being with an ultrasound examination of your veins, arteries, or both, in your legs to diagnose the presence and extent of disease. Your test results will be immediately available to review with the doctor.
Provas of Salt Lake City and of Ogden offer an unparalleled level of experience and expertise within a conveniently located, state-of-the-art facility. If you have a strong family history of vascular disease or believe you may be experiencing symptoms, it is important to see a physician. Seeking out a diagnosis is the important first step. Contact us today to schedule your consultation.